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A.K. Ward Bartlett

Associate Professor
Headshot of A.K. Ward Bartlett
2017 Pamplin (0233)
880 West Campus Drive
Blacksburg, VA 24061

Academic Area(s)


Research and Teaching Interests

Dr. Ward’s teaching and research span the fields of Organizational Behavior, Human Resources, and International Management. Her research mainly focuses on two streams: (1) how individuals identify with groups and (2) workplace climates for inclusion. She has taught Organizational Behavior, Multicultural Diversity Management, Management Theory and Leadership Practice (Principles of Management), and Human Resource Management.


  • Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 2013
  • M.S., University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, 2008
  • B.A., Sewanee: The University of the South, 2003

Selected Publications

Journal Publications:

Ward, A.K., Ravlin, E.C. & Park, J. (Forthcoming). How genuine is your diversity climate? A new typology highlighting the emergence of specious diversity climates. Journal of Organizational Behavior.

*Ward, A.K., *Beal, D.J., Zyphur, M.J., Zhang, H., & Bobko, P. (2022). Diversity climate, trust, and turnover intentions: A multilevel dynamic system. Journal of Applied Psychology, 107(4): 628-649.

*Authors contributed equally

Klimchak, M., MacKenzie, W.I., & Ward, A.K. (2020). Building trust and commitment through transparency and HR competence: A signaling perspective. Personnel Review, 49(9): 1897-1917.

Klimchak, M., Ward, A.K., Matthews, M., Robbins, K., & Zhang, H. (2019). When does what other people think matter?  The influence of age on the motivators of organizational identification. Journal of Business and Psychology, 34(6): 879-891.

Buchan, N.R., Jeong, S.Y., & Ward, A.K. (2017). Local reasons to give globally: Identity extension and global cooperation. Scientific Reports, 7(1): 1-8.

Ward, A.K., & Ravlin, E.C. (2017). Building influence as an outsider: A theoretical approach to cross-cultural impression management. Human Resource Management Review, 27: 491-506. 

Ward, A. K., Ravlin, E. C., Klaas, B. S., Ployhart, R. E., & Buchan, N. R. (2016). When do high-context communicators speak up? Exploring contextual communication orientation and employee voice. Journal of Applied Psychology101(10), 1498.

Klaas, B.S., & Ward, A.K. (2015). Formal, justice-oriented voice in the nonunion firm: Who speaks up and when? Industrial Relations, 54(2): 321-356.

Ravlin, E.C., Ward, A.K., & Thomas, D.C. (2014). Exchanging social information across cultural boundaries. Journal of Management, 40(5): 1437-1465.

Morrell, D.L., Ravlin, E.C., Ramsey, J.R., & Ward, A.K. (2013). Past experience, cultural intelligence, and satisfaction with international business studies. Journal of Teaching in International Business, 24(1): 31-43.

Klaas, B.S., Klimchak, M., Semadeni, M., & Ward, A.K. (2012). High-performance work system implementation in small and medium enterprises: A knowledge-creation perspective. Human Resource Management, 51(4): 487-510.

Klaas, B.S., Olson-Buchanan, J., & Ward, A.K. (2012). The determinants of alternative forms of workplace voice: An integrative perspective. Journal of Management, 38(1): 314-345.

Ployhart, R.E., & Ward, A.K. (2011). The quick start guide to conducting and publishing longitudinal research. Journal of Business & Psychology, 26(4): 413-422.

Book Chapters:

Ravlin, E.C., & Ward, A.K. (2015). Social cognition. In M.Vodosek & D. Den Hartog (Eds.), International Management: Encyclopedia of Management (3rd ed., vol. 6), Wiley.

Ravlin, E.C., & Ward, A.K. (2015). Trust. In M.Vodosek & D. Den Hartog (Eds.), International Management: Encyclopedia of Management (3rd ed., vol. 6), Wiley.

Ployhart, R. E., & Ward, A. K. (2013). Situational judgment measures. In K. F. Geisinger, B. Bracken, J. Carlson, J. Hansen, N. Kuncel, S. Reise, and M. Rodriguez (Eds.), APA Handbook of Testing and Assessment in Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Positions Held

2020 – Present: Associate Professor of Management, Pamplin College of Business, Virginia Tech

2013 - 2020: Assistant Professor of Management, Pamplin College of Business, Virginia Tech

2010 - 2013: Course Instructor, Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina


Anna-Katherine (A.K.) Ward double-majored in Music and Psychology at Sewanee: The University of the South (2003). She then worked in sales, counseling, and human resources before obtaining her M.S. in Industrial/Organizational Psychology from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga (2008). She completed a dissertation on cross-cultural workplace voice and influence while working towards her Ph.D. in Organizational Behavior and Human Resources at the University of South Carolina (2013). Dr. Ward’s current research stream centers on how people identify with groups, as well as on workplace climates for inclusion. She has conducted surveys and experiments in the U.S., China, and South Korea, and her work has been published in Human Resource Management, Human Resource Management Review, Industrial Relations, Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Business and Psychology, Journal of Management, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Journal of Teaching in International Business, Personnel Review, and Scientific Reports.