Jeffrey B. Arthur

Assoc. Professor

Academic Area(s):

Human Resources Management

Research and Teaching Interests:
Human resource management with an emphasis on strategic human resource management, compensation, and labor relations. Effect of incivility climate on firm performance; managerial values and high-performance work system effectiveness; gain sharing and information sharing.

Office Hours:
Tuesday and Thursday 2:00 – 3:00 PM
And by appointment


  • Ph.D., Cornell University, 1990
  • M.S., Cornell University, 1987
  • B.S., University of California (Santa Cruz), 1983

Selected Publications:
Arthur, J.B., Herdman, A.O., & Yang, J. 2011. How a Climate for Incivility Affects Business Unit Performance: Testing a Linkage Model. Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings. Selected as the best convention paper by the HR Division.

Arthur, J.B. 2011. Do HR System Characteristics Affect the Frequency of Interpersonal Deviance in Organizations? The Role of Team Autonomy and Internal Labor Market Practices, Industrial Relations, 50(1): 30-56.

Arthur, J.B. & Boyles, T. 2007. Validating the Human Resource System Structure: A Levels-based Strategic HRM Approach. Human Resource Management Review, 17: 77-92.

Arthur, J.B. & Huntley, C.L. 2005. Ramping up the Organizational Learning Curve: Assessing the Impact of Deliberate Learning on Plant Performance under Gainsharing. Academy of Management Journal, 48(6): 1159-1170.

Arthur, J.B. & Kim, D-O. 2005. Gainsharing and Knowledge Sharing: The Effects of Labour-Management Cooperation. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16: 1564-1582.

Arthur, J.B. & Aiman-Smith, L. 2001. Gainsharing and Organizational Learning: An Analysis of Employee Suggestions over Time. Academy of Management Journal, 44: 737-754.

Arthur, J.B. & Jelf, G.S. 1999. The Effects of Gainsharing on Grievance Rates and Absenteeism over Time. Journal of Labor Research, 20: 133-145.

Arthur, J.B. 1994. The Effect of Human Resource Systems on Manufacturing Performance and Turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 37: 670-687.

Arthur, J.B. 1992.The Link Between Business Strategy and Industrial Relations Systems in American Steel Minimills.Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 45: 488-506.

Arthur, J.B. Herdman, A.O., & Yang, J. 2016. How Top Management HR Beliefs and Values Affect High-Performance Work System Adoption and Implementation Effectiveness. Human Resource Management, 55(3): 413-435.

Herdman, A.O., Yang, J., & Arthur, J.B. 2014. How Does Leader-Member Exchange Disparity Affect Teamwork Behavior and Effectiveness in Work Groups? The Moderating Role of Leader-Leader Exchange. Journal of Management, Article first published online October 27, 2014, doi: 10.1177/0149206314556315.

Positions Held:

2007 - Present: Associate Professor, Pamplin College of Business, Virginia Tech

2000 - 2007: Assistant Professor, Pamplin College of Business, Virginia Tech

1997 - 2000: Assistant Professor, School of Business, Fairfield University

1990 - 1997: Assistant Professor, Krannert Graduate School of Management, Purdue University

1989 - 1990: Research Associate, Center for Advanced Human Resources Studies, Cornell University

External Professional Services:

  • Member of the editorial board for Strategic Management Journal and Group and Organization Management.
  • Chair, Academy of Management Best Conference Paper Award Committee, Human Resources Division, 2012.

Selected Honors and Awards:

  • Best Convention Paper, Human Resource Division, Academy of Management (2011)
  • Faculty Research Award, Management Department, Virginia Tech (2006)
  • Research of the Week Award, Virginia Tech (2005)


Jeffrey B. Arthur (Ph.D., Cornell University) is an Associate Professor of Management. Prior to joining the faculty at Virginia Tech in August 2000, Dr. Arthur was an Assistant Professor at Purdue University and Fairfield University. He teaches graduate and undergraduate classes in strategic human resource management, compensation and performance management, and employee and labor-management relations. Dr. Arthur’s published research focuses on the effect of human resource systems on organizational performance outcomes. He has conducted research on the link between high-performance work systems and firm performance, productivity gain-sharing and organizational learning, the role of management values on high-performance work system (HPWS) effectiveness, and linking the level of incivility in organizations to firm-level performance. He has presented this research at numerous conferences and meetings including Academy of Management and Labor and Employee Relations Association and has had articles published in Academy of Management Journal, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Industrial Relations, Journal of Management, International Journal of Human Resource Management, and Human Resource Management Review. His articles on strategic human resource management have been cited widely. He is an Associate Editor at the International Journal of Human Resource Management and a member of the Editorial Board at Strategic Management Journal. His current research interests include understanding how high-performance HR practices affect employee outcomes and firm performance, employee recognition programs, and the causes and consequences of public school teacher turnover.